Wrekers of grain and zernoproduktov
ambarnye wrekers, animal, damaging and destroying grain and zernoprodukty at storage and transportations. z. And z. Can damage also dried fruit and vegetables, mediinal, tanning, tobao syryo, et. To z. And z. Carry paukoobraznyh (some tiks), insets (some bugs, butterflies), birds (the some people golubeobraznye and sparrow), mammals (myshevidnye rodents). It is known over kinds z. And z., are widespread everywhere. In the USSR are most dangerous: flour, extended and ordinary volosistye tiks, ambarnyj and rie dolgonosiki, big and small flour hrushhaki, the small tobao bug, surinamsky and red mukoedy, grain and grain grinders, kaprovyj the bug, the -thief, moorish kozjavka, pea, bean and lentil zernovki, et. ambarnaja and ambarnaja grain ask, mill, flour and others ambarnye ognyovki The house pigeon and house sparrow rats, mie and polyovki. One kinds z. And z. Live only in the losed premises (ambarnyj dolgonosik, ognyovki, et.), others - in storehouses and in a floor (bean zernovka, rie dolgonosik, et.), The third - mainly winter in storehouses (pea, lentil and other kinds zernovok). z. And z. Redue vshozhest seeds, pollute grain and zernoprodukty, redue their weight, worsen food and baking qualities, promote self-warming of damp grain, are arriers dispute firm golovni (ambarnyj dolgonosik) and arriers potato stiks (tiks). Rats and mie eat a plenty of grain, pollute grain stoks, spoil onstrutions, the equipment, ontainer, distribute among people and pets of ativators of a plague, a holera, tuljaremii, the Siberian uler and other illnesses. Birds eat grain and pollute it.
measures of struggle with z. And z. Develop from preventive and istrebitelnyh. Preventive: preparation, learing and disinfeting of storehouses, premises of the proessing enterprises, mahines, mehanisms and warehouse stok observane of sanitary-and-hygieni rules of storage of grain and zernoproduktov Their ooling in a old season up to-C and below learing and dezinsektsija the sites of a field intended for staking and obmolota of grain observane of the established quarantine ations. Istrebitelnye: physiomehanial - learing of grain and groats on zernoohistitelnyh mahines, sifting of a flour, larifiation by brushes and vauum leaners of walls, a floor, a surfae of mahines and ontainer ooling and drying of grain and zernoproduktov dezinsektsija grains an ionizing radiation hemial - damp, aerosol and gas dezinsektsija (tiofos, hlorofos, et. sale- GTSHG, metation, metilnitrofos, insektitsidnye hekers hlorpikrin, bromi methyl, et.). Ations on struggle with z. And z. Spend in a omplex with observane of measures of personal, publi and fire-prevention safety.