The poppy (papaver)
a sort odno-and long-term grassy plants of family makovyh, olive, mediinal and deorative ulture. Over kinds, in moderated, subtropial and partly old belts in the USSR - about kinds, mainly on Cauasus, in Central Asia and Arti regions. Annual somnolent (P. somniferum) grow up for reeption of oil from seeds, basially in the urope and Asia Minor (the native land - the Mediterranean, in Greee in ulture long before n. e., in territory of the USSR - sine XI entury n. e.) . Long-term east (P. orientale) with large red and pink tsvetkami, annual samosejka (rhoeas) with tsvetkami various painting - ornamental plants.
somnolent - moistureloving, rather holodostojkaja (shoots transfer frosts -C) ulture. The vegetative period - days Is pollinated mainly perekryostno. The best of ground - hestnut and hernozems. Simeon is ontained with - % of food oil and up to % of fiber. Oil is used in the onfetionery, anning and perfumery industry and at manufaturing paints for painting an oil ake - on a forage to attle seeds - in hlebopehenii and onfetionery manufature from boxes reeive alkaloidy (morfin, papaverin, kodein, et.), Applied in veterinary siene and mediine. The greatest rops somnolent are onentrated in Czehoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, Poland, the Netherlands, Frane. In the USSR grow up on the small areas in Ukraine, in the Volga region and Kazakhstan. The widespread grades: the Novelty , Start, et. the new grade Salute is zoned in Ukraine. Predeessors - winter grain, leguminous, a sugar beet, a potato. The basi fertilizer - manure of - /hetares or full mineral fertilizer of kg/hetares NPK at rop in rjadki - kg/hetares PO in top dressing of , kg/hetares N. Sow shirokorjadnym (mezhdurjadja and sm) or tape (mezhdurjadja + sm) ways, norm of rop of seeds of - kg/hetares, depth of rop no more than see Clean at full ripeness of seeds in the single-phase way (diret kombajnirovanie). Produtivity of seeds - ts about hetares. Wrekers - root makovyj skrytnohobotnik, winter and meadow soops, a meadow moth, et. Illnesses - false mealy dew, fuzarioznoe withering, alternarioz.
Deorative make multiple opies seeds whih sow in the end of April-beginning of May in a ground. Annual use in a moorish lawn, long-term - in group landings and on srezku (in the beginning of blooming of buds). pritsvetnikovyj (P. brateatum), M. Lappish (P. lapponium) and m. Valpolja (walpolei) - in the Red book of the USSR.
a poppy somnolent: - the top part of a blossoming plant - a fruit (box) - a fruit in a ut - the seed (is inreased).