Publi psyhology (ommunity psyhology)
the Term the item has entered into a lexion of the majority of psyhologists per , after the onferene organized in the USA with the purpose to define a role of psyhology in loal movement for publi system psihih. Health. In final materials of this onferene the appeal to psyhologists atively ontained to join in the deision of problems about-, having aepted a role of the agent sots. Changes and partiipant-. The term publi system of mental health (ommunity mental health) onerns to a wide spetrum of programs of granting of servies in sphere psihih. Health, also it is often interpreted rasshiritelno - as national sots. The poliy whih is having for an objet derease of prevalene psihih. Diseases. This purpose of publi health servies demands epidemiologial, instead of a linial sight on psihih. Illness.
roots of movement for publi system psihih. Health it is possible to find in many early traditions of the Amerian psyhology, and also in movement of mental hygiene , organized in first half XX entury Aording to the Law on studying mental health (Mental Health Study At), aepted the Congress of the USA in , had been reated the Inorporated ommission on mental health and mental illnesses. In the Branh of publi psyhology in the Amerian psyhologial assoiation has opened.
in motive power of publi system psihih. Health and publi psyhology the desire to make a soiety opened for a ontingent of patients of psyhiatri linis initially was and to expand sphere of servies in the field of psihih. Health to apture all layers of the population. The preventive position sine then has prevailed - to avoid a premise of people in psyhiatri hospitals due to their strengthening sots. nvironments to redue negative influene sots. Institutes for a life of onrete people To enourage and develop protetive fores and ompetene of separate people and ommunes.
Osn. A way to publi system psihih. Health assumed ritiism of traditional linial establishments, to- often passively expeted the single lients, looking the help of the psyhiatrist usually redued to a rate individual psihoter., and to- isolated people in psyhiatri linis, tearing off them from family, friends, work, et. soures sots. Supports. The onept of publi system psihih. Health alls in question effiieny of suh establishments and ability of the state to assist a lot of itizens requiring it. Instead of existing position, this onept offers sots. The poliy direted on prevention emotional distressa.
the Idea of urgent preventive measures has served as the bridge for transition to psihol. issled. sots. Conditions of a life and how they influene well-being of people. Originally issled. In the field of urgent preventive measures have onentrated on groups of the population with high risk psihih. Diseases and on searh ontributing to development of illness of fators. Later they were swithed to studying of situations and events of high risk, suh as transition from one shool in another, disintegration org-, unemployment, raism, absene in residential area of onditions for the playing sports, the organized rest and podderzhivanija sots. Contats.
as the publi psyhology developed in the listed diretions, the entral value in it began to be given psihol. To knowledge, to- ould be useful for sots. And a state poliy in suh areas, as eduation of hildren, the right, formation, geriatris, sots. Maintenane and mn. dr.