Paralyses (from greh. parlysis - a relaxation)
the losses of impellent funtions onneted with defeat of spending ways of the entral or peripheral nervous system, and also the impellent enters of the entral nervous system. asings of impellent funtion refer to parezami. and parezy it is neessary to distinguish from impellent frustration at whih there is no defeat of the impellent enters and spending ways of nervous system. Depending on the reason and parezy subdivide on traumati, aused by damage of nervous elements (a disloation, a bruise, squeezing and t. Item) Arising at an intoxiation infetious, for example, at a plague arnivorous parasiti postnatal. On linial display subdivide to leading attributes (languid, spasti), and also on harater of defeats: gemiplegija - defeat of one half of body, diplegija - a ombination right-hand and link sided gemiplegii paraplegija - defeat of both hest or tazovyh finitenesses, tetraplegija - sohetannoe defeat hest and tazovyh finitenesses. In ases pareza refer to aordingly temi-, di-, para-, tetraparez. In a plae of defeat of nervous system distinguish peripheral and entral
At peripheral impellent ells of forward horns of a spinal ord or kernels of ranioereberal nerves, peripheral motonejrony, mainly as a result of traumas are damaged. Thus omplex movements drop out all, die away reflex funtions, the tone of musles falls indemnifiation of their funtion is impossible It is broken nervous trofika orresponding musles (their eletroexitability and hronaksija dereases). Current and an outome peripheral depend on harater and a damage rate of nerves.
animals reover at onussion, a strething and bruises of nerves, than at their breaks, long squeezings or razmozzhenijah more quikly. To treatment apply physiotherapeuti means (ionogalvanizatsija, massage, et.), mediinal substanes (novokain, stryhnine, veratrin, vitamin ), fabri transplantation, et.
Central (at defeat entral, impellent nejronov) at animals are studied a little, exept for a -spinal way (piramidnyj) . At it the tone of musles and reflexes hange symptoms depend on a plae of damage. To entral onussions and bruises head and a spinal ord onern. At damage of a brain frustration of brain funtion (falling of an animal, expansion of pupils, nistagm, the aelerated pulse, rattling breath, pallor of muous membranes, in heavy ases vomiting and absene of impellent reflexes) is observed. Traumas of ranioereberal nerves with destrution of subrustal formations ome to an end with death. Conussion and a bruise of a spinal ord are haraterized skoroprehodjashhimi parezami mainly tazovyh finitenesses, in heavy ases - by loss of sensitivity, frustration moheispuskanija and defekatsii, musles tazovyh finitenesses. At the first olok after a trauma apply a old, then mediamentous treatment, physiotherapeuti methods.
development is observed at damage of a boundary sympatheti trunk at large horned livestok. Thus at animals the syndrome, a diarrhea, endoftalm, loss of sight are observed atonihesky. Often illness omes to an end letalno.
Lit.: Golikov A., Nervous illnesses of animals, .