Kognitivnaja psyhophysiology (ognitive psyhophysiology)
the item is interdisiplinary, arisen owing to partial overlapping of psyhology and physiology, area issled., in to-dig attempts to resolve a lassial problem of reasonable soul (mind) are undertaken, doing the rate on use sovr. letroni tehnis. The initial assumption onsists that mental (psihih.) proesses are generated during interation seletive orporal (fiz.) systems also that they an be investigated diretly by means of enough sensitive equipment. Sense organs onern to these orporal systems (eyes, ears, et.), TSNS (gl. obr. A brain), skeletal musles, independent system (a gastroenteri path, ardiovasular system, et.), And tzh their nervous interrelations. Work testifies to interdisiplinary harater of this area in it of the researhers representing psyhology, fiziol., mediine and biohemial engineering. To a problem of reasonable soul, or the reason, outlined during an epoh of anient philosophers, it is possible to divide approahes, a little simplifying, on dualistiheskie and monistiheskie. The Most popular always were dualistiheskie views what they remain in daily thinking and to this day. The basi assumption of dualism onsists that in the world there are two kinds sushhnostej (entities): the essene, having fiz. (Material) harater, and the essene, having psihih. (Non-material) harater. To ognizable means of a siene dualists arry only fiz. vents. Monizm, however, approves, that the world onsists from sushhnostej one kind. A major priniple monistiheskoj positions - a priniple of strit (absolute) materialism aording to whih in the Universe our only fiz. The phenomena. Then, aording to materialisti monizmu, psihih. Proesses are not that other, as fiz. The phenomena generated in a body (within the body) and onsequently they an be observed diretly, leaning on sovr. Sientifi tehnologies.