the Term is used in an aesthetis and in psyhology the laim- with referene to reation of the spetator, and in psihoter. - in onnetion with liberation of the superseded affet or psihih. nergy.
in anient greek language the word katharsis meant larifiation, in partiular with feeling of fault more often. However its most known use during antiquity meets in mysterious definition Aristotelem of tragedy as ations (drama), making by ompassion and fear larifiation () Similar feelings .
In the psyhoanalyti literature this term for the first time appears in Researhes of a hysteria (Studien uber Hysterie, ) Joseph Brejera and Zigmunda Freud though both use of the term, and a method have been offered Brejerom. It ahieved elimination of symptoms of a hysteria, induing patients in a ondition of hypnosis to reover or reollet the forgotten events of the hildhood - often, but not always traumati, - and the feelings onneted with them. Freud has assumed, that in suh ases psihih. Or nervous energy, to-paradise would lead to primary affet, has been abstrat on formation of hysterial symptoms and that memoirs on these events have been superseded in unonsious. When in a hypnoti ondition in onsiousness the superseded memoirs and the affet onneted with it is entered earlier, last is unloaded by that also a symptom disappears. This proess of an affetive disharge has reeived one more name - otreagirovanie.
Freud onsidered katartihesky a method as the predeessor and a kept kernel psihoan.
In sovr. psihoter. Outside of psyhoanalyti tradition a word in a general sense designate therapeuti liberation of emotions or removal of a pressure, vkljuh. And that ould onfess or be onneted with realized experienes. - the entral onept psihodramy and a prominent aspet of the majority of models redued psihoter. And risis intervention. Sometimes the same naz. Pronuniation ( talking out ), otygryvaniem ( ating out ) or aeration (ventilation). In implozivnoj therapies purposefully try to ause strong emotions to ahieve katartiheskogo removal of a pressure.
see also the Redued therapy, Crisis intervention, Implozivnaja therapy