Formation of the adviser (ounselor eduation)
to. - the term used for the desription teoret. And prakt. Preparations, after end to-d partiipants of the aademi programs have an opportunity to reeive one of sientifi degrees and to pass professional ertifiation on any of wide of some the speialities inluding appliation of tehniques of onsultation with delivery sootv. The ertifiate. The typial list of areas of speialization in to. Inludes following speialities: advisers in initial and high shool, advisers in olleges, advisers of groups. Works, advisers onerning family and marriage, advisers on rehabilitation, advisers for speial groups and advising psyhologists (psyhologists-advisers). The aademi programs to. Inlude programs for nonprofessionals, programs of a bahelor degree, attestative (ertified) programs, magisterskie programs, programs for experts ( years) and the dotors programs hosen depending on a desirable and-or neessary level of preparation.
programs for reeption to., as a rule, orrespond to the standards established professional org-, members to- beome graduates of suh programs. These org- tzh give to them an opportunity to publish -you issled. In the various editions. Two professional org-, members to- usually beome advisers, is Amerian psihol. assots. (ARA) and Amerian assots. Consultations and developments (AACD.)
Advising psyhologists are usually onneted with servies psihih. Health as deal with the problems arising at mentally normal people in sphere of formation and work. Besides there is a partial rossing areas psihol. And ped. Consultations for the reason that both psyhologists-advisers, and advisers-teahers offer similar servies and lean in the work on psihol. Priniples and tehniques otsenivanija, interventions and therapeuti growth. Investigating features of advisers and the advising psyhologists having a dotors degree, Krauskopf, Torenson and the Poppy- have ome to onlusion, that professionals in the field of psihol. Consultations ould be divided into three rather preise groups: group of the personnel of studies. Institutions, members to-dig arried out studies. And administrative funtions group, members to-dig have aepted a traditional aademi role of the sientist who is engaged sots. Or behavioural sienes group of advising psyhologists, to- have replaed a role of the sientist / gos. The employee for a role of the privately pratiing expert.
programs for reeption to., razrab. In high shools, are onstruted on wide set teoret. The bases providing aquaintane to all osn. Systems. Only their inomplete list ould inlude behavioural, kognitivnyj, existential, phenomenologial, it is rational- approahes, the theory of a field, tranzaktnyj the analysis, the theory of psyhosoial dynamis and the fatorial theory fig. Current issled. Show, that any of these teoret. The bases not jav-sja entirely dominating in sovr. Shools of onsultation and psihoter. as D.Smith approves, the overwhelming majority of advising psyhologists, most likely, prefers eklektizmu. Steady expansion prakt is simultaneously observed. The programs giving more of time to a linial pratie, providing more dense superviziju trainees and providing at least year intership for doktorantov. Besides the linial pratie within the limits of suh programs is more often spent not in studies. Institutions, and in loal establishments and org-. Programs for reeption to., To-, apparently, inrease on volume of hours and extend under the maintenane, now inlude onsultation onerning family and marriage, gerontologiheskoe onsultation, onsultation on problems of a narotism and glue sniffing, onsultation of orretions, onsultation onerning development, onsultation on problems of middle age, et. rates.
see also Consultation, Psyhologial onsultation