- setion of a siene and the tehnis, using knowledge of biologial proesses of uniells for manufature neessary for a national eonomy and mediine of produts. Suh proesses aused by mirobes as fermentation, kvashenie, mohenie, hlebopehenie, the mankind widely used long before opening mirobes Has reeived fast development in seond half XX enturies, espeially after development of sientifi bases of reeption of produers and their ontinuous methods kultivirovanija. By means of now reeive three groups of prodution: ) medial - antibiotis, hormones, vitamins, lizotsim, interferony, insulin, interlejkiny, fators of growth, eritropoetin, monoklonalnye antibodies, polusintetiheskie vaines, produers of alive vaines, et. ) food - mirobi fiber, irreplaeable amino aids, peptidy, saharozameniteli, nukleotidy, nukleozidy, enzymes, organi aids, spirits, et. ) industrial - solvents, pestiides, liquid and gaseous fuel, the substanes ausing bioonversion of vegetative and animal raw material, sewage treatment, et.